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product knowledge and history

For all the different types of Japanese knives and metal types.

gyuto with tomatoes

Types of Japanese knives we sell


A versatile blend of the Santoku, Gyuto, and Nakiri, the Bunka knife is suitable for cutting vegetables, while the triangle-shaped tip area is particularly useful when cutting fish and meats.


The Gyuto, or Japanese chef knife, is considered the most versatile Japanese kitchen knife for chefs & home cooks alike. This is a perfect all-rounder with a piercing tip and rocking belly.


Petty knife is a small general-purpose knife used for peeling, shaping, and slicing fruits and vegetables, chopping herbs, and making garnishes.


Santoku knives are larger, multi-purpose knives. They’re usually shorter than long chef knives (less than 21cm) and have wide, flat blades and fairly blunt or slightly rounded tip. These are perfect for chopping and transferring food.


The Sujihiki knife types are equivalent to the traditional slicer or carving knife. They can be used for filleting, sashimi slicing, carving and general purposes.


The Nakiri has a relatively flat edge profile and making a key purpose of Nakiri is to prepare vegetables with a chopping motion rather than push or pull.  


Types of blade steel

Damascus VG-10 (all of our Suncraft Black and Universal range)

VG-10 is a cutlery grade stainless steel produced in Japan. The name stands for V Gold 10 ("gold" meaning quality), or sometimes V-Kin-10 (V金10号) (kin means "gold" in Japanese). It is a stainless steel with a high carbon content containing:

  • Moderate/Low Hardness, up to 60-61 HRC
  • Carbon: 0.95 – 1.15 %
  • Chromium: 14.50 – 15.5 %
  • Cobalt: 1.30 – 1.50 %
  • Manganese: 0.50 %
  • Molybdenum: 0.90 – 1.20 %
  • Phosphorus: 0.03 %
  • Vanadium: 0.10-0.3 %

A Damascus blade is made by overlaying different steel layers. Has the property of being hard to break and keeping a keen edge. Damascus steel is a famed type of steel recognizable by the watery or wavy light and dark pattern of the metal. Aside from being beautiful.

HRC (Rockwell Scale)

The HRC is a hardness scale based on the hardness of a material. Typically HRC of 60+ is seen to be a quality hard steel that retains its edge over a prolonged time.

Origin of Suncraft knives

Suncraft is situated in Japan within the Seki region, Gifu prefecture and is renowned for its 800-year-old tradition of high quality knife and blade manufacture. Suncraft has been designing and crafting kitchen knives for over 60 years, which will ensure each of the 30 plus steps in making a Suncraft knife is of the utmost quality. 


Suncraft knives in japan

Suncraft Japan factory

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